NO FERTILIZER. NO PEST CONTROLLING. NO WATERING.
Nothing artificial. Just grow your plants and get the harvest. No fertilizer. No pest controlling. No chemicals. No traps. No watering. Don't kill any living creature. Just let them grow. Let them grow as they grow up in the forest. So that it's not agriculture right? Well, you plant what's necessary in your land. And the plants are growing up like it's growing up in the forest. This is an ancient methodology. Comes from the teachings done by the farther to son.
Except the modern world wide used Gregorian Calendar, in Sri Lanka, there's an Ancient Calendar. That too has 12 months specified in it. The ancient Calendar is counting by the Sun's location, moon's location and star constellations. Well, Sun and these constellations hardly moves right? Well, yes indeed. But the calculations done in the Sri Lankan ancient Calendar has made the assumption that the earth is static. That does not mean, earth is not moving. But to calculate the things easily, in the ancient Calendar, it's assumed that earth is unmoved. Well, that means that they knew the earth is a sphere and it was moving? Yes indeed. But that's discussion for another day. So there's an ancient Calendar. What's with agriculture?
MONTHS AND PERIODS OF CEYLON'S ANCIENT CALENDER
Well, the ancient calendar defines agriculture. Well, define? Yes define. Here are the list of months. Following shows the structure of the Calendar. Please note that these dates are not precise. They are given approximately to give a basic idea. They change as per the moon's location. It's really easy to do the math. Even a five year old kid can do this math by looking at the sky. Since the objects in the sky are changing so rapidly, we are giving approximate dates based on modern calendar to give an idea.
21 Dec - 21 January - Duruthu
21 January - 21 February - Nawam
21 February - 21 March - Madin
21 March - 21 April - Bak
And the list goes on until 21 November - 21 December - Unduwap
ANCIENT CALENDAR AND IT'S CONNECTION TO AGRICULTURE
Word "Duruthu" gives the meaning, getting off. Getting off from what? Getting off from the off season. Get ready to do the planting. Sun is starting to get closer. Sun is unmoved? Yes, as mentioned before, these calculations done by assumption of earth is unmoved. In the modern world, you'd say, distance between sun and earth is starting to become less for Sri Lanka in this particular period of time. Word "Nawam" gives the meaning, fresh. The environment is fresh. Fresh sun light is coming up from the horizon. Well of course the sun is unmoved, but Sri Lanka is starting to get more sunlight in February. Soil is tropical in this particular period of time. There's no chance of a rain on February up to this date in Sri Lanka. So burn down necessary.
Word "Madin" means, center. Sun is centered directly towards Sri Lanka in this month. Again, by the modern science you'd say, Sri Lanka is getting direct Sunlight on this particular period of time. Well period of time? Not a period, 21st of March, is the precise date when Sri Lanka gets the shortest distance to Sun. Move the soil and the clods to make it soft. Use this period of time to make the burnt land ready to do the plantations.
HOW FARMERS FOLLOWING THESE DATE RANGES AND TECHNIQUES
Word "Bak" gives the meaning, fortune. What's the fortune? Well, you get Sunlight, rain, ideal soil so that everything is perfect to do the plantation. Up to this date, the monsoon hits right on the last week of month march. Do the plantations right on the beginning of this month. Ideal conditions with more purple color of Sun's spectrum. Make use of it. Purple color of sun's spectrum stimulates rooting. And the list goes on. Sri Lankan monsoon seasons are March-April and August September. Not only has the monsoon, sun too has the closest distance to Sri Lanka on these particular periods of time. Up to this date, farmers are using many of these teachings. There are two seasons to do the plantations, and there are two seasons to harvest. It is a widely known fact that Sri Lanka was the largest rice exporter in all of asia in ancient times. Since the conditions are ideal, there's no need of any sorts of fertilizer. But most of the farmers today are advised and are using fertliser in their farms.
WHY THESE TEACHINGS ARE NOT FOLLOWED BY MANY FARMERS NOWADAYS?
Since these ancient teachings are not proved scientifically, farming agencies does not want farmers to follow these ancient rules. Selling fertilizer to farmers is a good business. We all need to understand how the businesses are running. So the researches about these ancient teachings are not moving forward in a speed as they should be. That's a discussion for another day though. No fertilizer? Solved! Use the sun's location. Soil is getting ready for you to do your plantations. No watering? Solved! There are two monsoon seasons right after you do the plantations by following the ancient calendar. Ok but, how to control the pest? And that too without killing the living creatures? There are nine herbivores defined in this ancient agriculture methodology. More herbivores from this defined types are going to damage the crop. Instead of killing them, ancient teachings says these herbivores needs to be attracted into the farm.
ATTRACT CROP DAMAGING HERBIVORES INTO THE FARM?
What? Exactly! Attract them in to the farm! For these nine herbivores, there are nine defined leaves defined. It is said, that each one of these herbivores has a favorite leaf as per their taste. Find these defined nine fresh leaves and sprinkle them within the farm. Ok so they are just going to eat only that leaves? That's not the point. The point is, when there are more herbivores, precisely, all nine define herbivores, and more from these nine types, there'll be more carnivores to eat them. Well? Yes. Just as the herbivores are attracted to the farm, carnivores too are attracted to the farm due to the density of herbivores of their taste. Again, starting from the 9 fresh leaves, attracting as much as herbivores of nine types which are going to damage the crop. Due to the density of herbivores, 27 types of carnivores are too attracted to the farm. More herbivores eat the fresh leaves of their taste, more carnivores to make food out of these herbivores, and zero damage to the crop!
THAT IS ALL ABOUT NATURAL ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE?
Even though this article is called "100% Ecological Agriculture (Natural Agriculture)" It only described single methodology which comes under that caption. There are some other methodologies as well. There are few books published about this ancient teachings. But, it looks like all of them are written only using the native language, Sinhala. With considering your response on this article, we are planning to translate these books and make them downloadable as PDFs. Please let us know your thoughts on these things and do make sure you travel to ceylon (Sri Lanka) So that you can learn more about these things by visiting the actual sites where these proceedings take place.